James Webb Telescope’s SHOCKING Discovery Just Broke Modern Cosmology

By | September 30, 2022
James Webb Telescope's SHOCKING Discovery Just Broke Modern Cosmology

Foreign Succinctly summarize it as you know it's a 
search for Origins in so many different ways The James Webb Space Telescope previously 
known as the Next Generation Space Telescope   Cost 10 billion dollars 30 years and over 
1 200 skilled scientists engineers and   Technicians from 14 countries to build 
and launch Webb's Mission lifetime is   To be at least five half years and if it 
lasts longer then approximately 10 years   To any person with even a slight business Acumen 
this may seem like a major gamble at best and a   Dangerous squander at worst isn't it we've bet a 
lot on a 6 000 kilograms piece of Hardware that is   1.5 million kilometers from Earth and wide open 
to any and all sort of threats posed by space   Space is not a kind place not even 
to a gold-plated Space Telescope   In late August 2022 Webb sifted out an object that 
on closer inspection was inexplicably massive and   Dated back to just 300 million years after the 
big bang Bolder than any Galaxy ever seen before   These first images of the distant Universe 
shocked astronomers around the world   Many questions loomed about many 
well-established theories were being questioned   Scientific American went so far as to State 
whether James Webb had broken cosmology   Was the discovery of unimaginably distant 
galaxies a mirage or a revolution in the making Orbit Beyond the blue why does it matter that's 
the ultimate question and the best answer   Is probably given by one of the creators of the 
James Webb astronomer Garth illingworth who said   It's one of the things that I often get asked it's 
a lot of money I've often thought about this and I   Think the human race has a deep interest in our 
Origins we're interested in how we came about   How life came about and then you really go well 
we're sitting on this little planet how do the   Planets form you can take this Origins question 
and that's what astronomy is really about web   Hubble these things are just Origins machines and 
in so many ways we're living in a very divisive   Environment and this interest cuts across a lot 
of these political and otherwise areas beautifully   In 1995 the Hubble Deep Field showed that the 
early Universe was even more crowded and exciting   Than anyone had expected offering observational 
Treasures to the scientific community   Yet impressive as Hubble's Deep 
Field was astronomers wanted more   That's how the James Webb or rather the idea for 
a Next Generation Space Telescope was conceived   By July 2022 Webb had reached its deep 
space destination completed its alignment   And commenced its long-awaited 
first year of science observations   When Webb released its first set of images 
it proved that it was worth the wait   It showed us the universe like never before 
it showed us that the universe as we know it   Might be stranger and more complex but it was 
the late August discovery of the most distant  

Starlight we had ever seen that nearly broke 
the internet and cosmology the extraordinary   Discovery of glass z13 just weeks into Webb's full 
operations was beyond astronomers wildest dreams   The cosmic Dawn had now started to look like a 
bright Cosmic afternoon full of possibilities   And with each new day it seemed claims of yet 
another record-breaking earliest known Galaxy   Would emerge from one research group or another 
in the weeks and months following Webb's findings   Of surprisingly mature early galaxies blindsided 
theorists and observers alike have been scrambling   To explain them could the Bevy of anomalously big 
and bright early galaxies be illusionary perhaps   Because of flaws in analysis of the telescope's 
initial observations if genuine could they somehow   Be explained by standard cosmological models or 
just maybe were they the first hints that the   Universe is stranger and more complex than even 
our boldest theories had supposed at stake is our   Very understanding of how the orderly Universe 
we know emerged from the primordial chaos James   Webb's early Revelations could be set to rewrite 
the opening chapters of cosmic history which   Concern not only distant and far away galaxies but 
also our existence here in the familiar Milky Way   As light from a very distant Galaxy Travels across 
the cosmic Abyss it is stretched by the expansion   Of the universe a broadening of wavelengths known 
as redshift the higher the redshift value the   More stretching the light has experienced and 
thus the more distant its source Galaxy will be   Redshifts for early galaxies are so high that 
their emitted visible light has stretched into   Infrared by the time it arrives at our telescopes 
meanwhile Hubble's record for the most distant   Known Galaxy had been gnz11 spotted in 2015 at 
a redshift of 11 thanks to a 2009 upgrade that   Enhanced its modest infrared capabilities a 
redshift of 11 corresponds to a cosmic age   Of about 400 million years appointed the brink 
of when Galaxy formation was thought to begin   But from the very first glass data Webb 
found a candidate for a more distant   Galaxy dubbed class z13 at a redshift of 13 
some 70 million years farther back in time   The researchers relied on redshift estimates 
derived from simple brightness based measurements   Dear to obtain but less precise than direct 
measurements of redshift which require more   Dedicated observation time nonetheless the 
simplified technique can be accurate and   Here it suggested a Galaxy that was unexpectedly 
bright and big already bearing a mass of stars of   A billion Suns just a few hundred times less than 
that of the Milky Way despite our own Galaxy being   Billions of years more mature this was beyond 
our most optimistic expectations cestamasa Troy   An astronomer of the University of California and 
the lead on glass in the following days dozens of   Galaxy candidates from Sears and glass sprung 
into view with estimated redshifts as high as   20 just 180 million years after the big bang some 
with dislike structures that were not expected to   Manifest so early in Cosmic history another 
team meanwhile found evidence for Galaxies   The size of our Milky Way at a redshift of 10 
less than 500 million years after the big bang  

Such Giants emerging so rapidly defies 
expectations set by cosmologists standard   Model of the universe's evolution even if you 
took everything that was available to form   Stars and snapped your fingers instantaneously you 
still wouldn't be able to get that big that early   To understand the Dilemma a brief refresher is 
needed in a fraction of a second after the big   Bang our universe was an almost inconceivably 
hot and dense group of primordial particles   Over the next three minutes as the cosmos 
expanded and cools the nuclei of helium and   Other very light elements began to form fast 
forward 400 000 years and the universe was   Cold enough for the first set of atoms to appear 
when the universe was about 100 million years   Old a baby Universe theorists say conditions were 
finally right for the emergence of the first Stars   These giant Fireballs of mostly hydrogen 
and helium were as yet uncontaminated by   Heavier elements like modern day stars and thus 
possessed significantly different properties   Larger and brighter than today's Stars these 
first sons coalesced in proto-galaxies clusters   Of gas that plunder vast invisible scaffolds 
of Dark Matter gravity guided the subsequent   Interactions between these proto-galaxies 
which eventually merged to form larger galaxies   This process of becoming of the 
early universe's chaos giving way   To the more orderly Cosmos we know today is 
thought to have taken about a billion years   Webb's discovery of bright galaxies in the 
early Cosmos challenges this very model   There's concern that some of these galaxies 
may be imposters much closer galaxies shrouded   In dust that makes them look dimmer and further 
away when brightness based measurements are used   However follow-up observations of glass LED 13 
in August by the Atacama large millimeter array   In Chile suggest that is not the case for this 
candidate as Alma did not see evidence for large   Amounts of dust these results are shocking and 
hard to get in our standard model of cosmology   And it's probably not a small change it's 
one that forces us back to the drawing board   The question now is can we believe what we are 
seeing is it time to evaluate our understanding   Of the dawn of time the Big Bang Theory or 
is it too early to break current cosmology   As Esa scientist Mark mccorkran said you build 
these machines not to confirm the Paradigm but to   Break it I suppose what we don't know yet is just 
how it will break but then again what do I know Orbit Beyond the blue